- Genes & Diseases,Volume 4, Issue 1,2014, Pages 25-27
- Aerobic glycolysis and high level of lactate in cancer metabolism and microenvironment
Metabolic abnormalities is a hallmark of cancer. About 100 years ago, Nobel laureate Otto Heinrich Warburg first described high rate of glycolysis in cancer cells. Recently more and more novel opinions about cancer metabolism supplement to this hypothesis, consist of glucose uptake, lactic acid generation and secretion, acidification of the microenvironment and cancer immune evasion. Here we briefly review metabolic pathways generating lactate, and discuss the function of higher lactic acid in cancer microenvironments.
Aerobic glycolysis; Cancer metabolism; Glucose metabolism; Immune escape; Lactate
Copyright © 2014 Chongqing Medical University. Published by Elsevier B.V